The Force of Destiny A History of Italy Since 1796 review Ú 103

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Of Destiny MOBI #244 A sweeping first of its kind history of the creation of modern ItalyThe The Force ePUB #192 birth of modern Italy was a messy affair Inspired by a small group of Force of Destiny eBook #9734 writers intellectuals and politicians Italy struggled in the first half of the nineteenth century Force of Destiny A History MOBI #224 to unite all Italians under one rule throwing aside a multitude of corrupt old rulers and foreign occupiers In the midst of this turmoil Italian. Don t normally read Non Fiction but this provided a good background on the history of Italy and relevant to my Foundation Degree Course If you wanted to learn about the history of the state of the country since 1796 I d recommend reading this

summary ß eBook or Kindle ePUB ✓ Christopher Duggan

The Force of Destiny A History of Italy Since 1796

Her Duggan skillfully interweaves Italy's art music literature and architecture with its economic and social realities and political development to tell this extraordinary European story The first English language book to cover the full scope of modern Italy from its origins than two hundred years ago to the present The Force of Destiny is a brilliant and comprehensive study and a frightening example of how easily nation building and nationalism can slip toward authoritarianism and war.. Christopher Duggan died at only 57 and while that is tragic for all the usual reasons his contribution to the literature of modern Italian history is nevertheless immense This culminated in his masterful 2007 synthesis The Force of Destiny A History of Italy Since 1796 There is rather to that subtitle than may at first appear With a comparable book such as Jonathan Fenby s The History of Modern France there is at least a tacit assumption that say France is a noun with some coherent meaning and substantive basis Not only can no such assumption be made here but in fact exploring the conceptual problem of Italy is the central thesis and driving force of the book It is freuently highlighted that despite the process of material unification culminating in 1860 the moral unification reuired for nationhood proved elusive De Gaulle may famously have had a certain idea of France but there have been too many ideas of Italy for any lasting consensus to have been reachedWhether by accident or design Duggan implicitly comes out against the Great Man theory of history This is not to say there are no Great Men in the text as it is full of them from Joachim Murat to Silvio Berlusconi and the whole rogue s gallery in between But the overall impression is that there are forces at work or rather resistance to forces in the Italian character upon which even decades of exertion by Mazzini d Azeglio Cavour Garibaldi Crispi Giolitti D Annunzio Mussolini and their ilk can only make the most transitory of impressions This is not so much the force of destiny as the inertia of immutabilityThus Duggan provides a solid grounding in some of the many divisions and forces which have served to despoil unity There is the broad north south divide the narrower parochialism of city states such as Modena and regions such as Sicily the mutually incomprehensible dialects the competing claims to hearts and minds of Catholicism with at different times socialism Liberalism fascism communism consumerist capitalism and Christian Democracy Then there are the numerous complexities surrounding the Papacy and the Papal States and their interactions with various regimes We also look at the complexities around defining mafiosi and the mafia and determining its historical role whether as a pattern of culturally endorsed behaviour an abstract concept a convenient scapegoat or a discrete hierarchical organisation And of course there are the usual difficulties of interpretation surrounding resistance fighters anarchists and terroristsCulture from high art to mass media is important and sometimes in counter intuitive ways Duggan explains how Italy s world class artistic and intellectual achievements were often seen as obstacles to moral unity and as symptomatic of the ineffectual personalities of a people chronically incapable of the sacrificial mindset reuired of nationalismIt s doubtful that another author will attempt a second edition of this book and therefore it will inevitably reuire supplementing as time marches on one wonders what Paul Ginsborg s opinions on the matter may be Nevertheless it will not soon be surpassed as a summary of over two centuries of Italy s painful struggles to achieve modern nationhood

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Politicians felt compelled by a “force of destiny” hideously at odds with Italian reality After great sacrifice Italy was finally unified and turned out to be just as fragile impoverished and backward as it had been before The resentments this created led to Italy’s destructive role in World War I the subseuent rise of Mussolini and authoritarianism in the s and ’s and the nation's humiliating defeat in World War II This haunting legacy deeply informs the Italy of todayChristop. This excellent book is not so much a history of Italy as it is a history of the nation of Italy As Christopher Duggan demonstrates Italian nationalism was confined to a few intellectuals artists and professionals with regional identities predominant among the rest of the population As a result unification was superficial for much of the populace who often found themselves at odds with the liberal state and forced to choose between this artificial link and their much deeper seated loyalty to the Catholic Church This approach helps make the appeal of Fascism much understandable with Duggan s analysis of this period one of the strongest points of this book In the end the reader is left with a deeper understanding of the problems Italy faces today and perhaps as well a skepticism about the ability of Italians to address them in the future


10 thoughts on “The Force of Destiny A History of Italy Since 1796

  1. says:

    In many cases I'm not a big fan of post modernist methods of relaying history A strict linear recounting of facts can get tedious to be sure but all the claptrap of myth and narrative involved in post modernism can make a reader lose the sense of what happened and when Duggan is one of the few historians I have

  2. says:

    The Force of Destiny A History of Italy Since 1796 by Christopher Duggan is a history of Italy around the time of its independence up until the present The history often focuses on the literary and social aspects that many political events in the country sparked This work can be suarely defined as a post modern history First I will

  3. says:

    Don't normally read Non Fiction but this provided a good background on the history of Italy and relevant to my Foundation Degree Cours

  4. says:

    An insightful record of Italy’s modern history and search for identity Although the Italian peninsula dominated politics and cultu

  5. says:

    History may repeat itself but modern Italian history does seem unusually uniue Its union was nothing like that of Germany and its split north south nothing like that of the United States Duggan does a good job of drawing

  6. says:

    This excellent book is not so much a history of Italy as it is a history of the nation of Italy As Christopher Duggan demonstrates Italian nationalism was confined to a few intellectuals artists and professionals w

  7. says:

    If you want to know what events led to the modern Italian state this is the book for you A scholarly but readable text some close reading reuired but well worth it

  8. says:

    Christopher Duggan died at only 57 and while that is tragic for all the usual reasons his contribution to the literature of modern Italian history is nevertheless immense This culminated in his masterful 2007 synthesis 'The Force of Destiny A History of Italy Since 1796'There is rather to that subtitle than may at first appear Wit

  9. says:

    Duggan isn't so good on post WW2 Italian history but he covers the period from 1796 1945 some 540 pages of this 600pg book exceptionally well As a one volume history of Italy you can't go wrong with this book Fan

  10. says:

    The Force of Destiny is not a history of Italy it is rather a history of the idea of Italy as held by the political and cultural elites of the region Facts about the region which was unified into the Kingdom of Italy in 1861 are on

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