Descartes' Bones a Skeletal History of the Conflict Between Faith and Reason Free download ð 5



10 thoughts on “Descartes' Bones a Skeletal History of the Conflict Between Faith and Reason

  1. says:

    The modernist need to distance society from religion didn't obviate the human need to connect with the past to

  2. says:

    This is a marvellous historiography of philosophy and the Enlightenment It gives an overview starting with Descartes and how his views impacted the world It is very entertaining and readable with a minimum of philosophical j

  3. says:

    The author uses the story of Descartes' bones as a metaphor for the divisive and rambling path toward human progress The use of Descartes' bones in this way is doubly clever because not only is the physical path of the bone

  4. says:

    I very much enjoyed reading this clever book if only for its overarching populist rendering of much of what we understand a

  5. says:

    THIS is the book I've been searching for in my dreamsExactly what happened and how it happenedthat the revival of philosophy and scientific thinking arose and grew into the 18th Century Enlightenment and laid the foundations of modern thinking which we take for grantedThe Enlightenment was a mere plaue in the wall of 100 years plus of solid foundation building And the roots go back immediately into the 1500's and 1600's and further into An

  6. says:

    I was ambivalent about the gimmick of basing the history around the journey of Descartes' bones How interesting could it be? Much to my delight Russell Shorto managed to surprise me While this book isn't uite the historical detective story it advertises it does contain some detective work I was fascinated by the way various people treated Descartes' remains particularly the skull For most of the owners of the skull the object was one of m

  7. says:

    The tale of philosopher scientist Rene Descartes' bones form the skeleton of Shorto's sketch of Descartes key ideas that shaped our modern worldDescartes French by birth but exiled by force his ideas were anathema to the Catholic Ch

  8. says:

    A fascinating to me examination of the influence of Rene Descartes on modern thought Starts with the great philosopher's death with a brief summary of Descartes' life Then a circuitous narrative showing the impact of the phi

  9. says:

    At points where it appears Shorto has really focused this book is a 5 It uses the journey of the bones of the philosopherpolymath Rene Descartes from his 17th century death into the 20th century to reflect upon the relationship between faith reason and the movements of historyThe author's viewpoint is there which is good but is not overwhelming which is better and he makes a number of intriguing and good points The tale is often

  10. says:

    Excellent delve into the wrestling of understanding of where Cartesian thought and methods have brought us The scientific and religious forces that shape our views are embedded in so many parts of our daily modern lives In

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Free download ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ê Russell Shorto

On a brutal winter's day in a Skeletal Kindle #215in Stockholm Frenchman René Descartes the most influential controversial thinker of his time was buried after a lonely death far from Descartes' Bones PDF or home years later the French Ambassador Hugues de Terlon secretly unearthed Descartes' bones transported them to France Why would this devoutly Catholic official care so much about the Bones a Skeletal PDFEPUB #193 remains of a philosopher who was hounded from country to country on charges of atheism Why would Descartes' bones take such a strange serpentine path over the next Bones a Skeletal History of PDFEPUB or years a path intersecting some of the grandest events imaginable the birth of science the rise of democracy the mind body problem the conflict between faith reason Their story involves people from all walks of life Louis XIV a Swedish casino operator poets playwrights philosophers physicists as these people used the bones in scientific studies. The author uses the story of Descartes bones as a metaphor for the divisive and rambling path toward human progress The use of Descartes bones in this way is doubly clever because not only is the physical path of the bones mysterious and controversial Descartes philosophy of uestioning received wisdom had its own controversy with traditional thinking The book follows the history of The Enlightenment through to today s three way tension between moderates religious fundamentalist and secular fundamentalist Ironically there is enough traditional thinking in Descartes writing to allow all sides in the later controversies to claim him and this is paralleled by the multiple conflicting claims of possessing his bones The meaning of Descartes most famous uotation is discussed early in the book As philosophers since have pointed out I think Therefore I am or Je pense donc je suis or Cogito ergo sum does not fully encompass what Descartes intended Once the acid of his methodological doubt had eaten its way through everything else what he was left with was not technically even an I but merely the realization that there was thinking going on More correct than I think therefore I am would be Thinking is taking place therefore there must be that which thinks but that hardly has the snap to make it a slogan fit for generations of T shirts and cartoon panels The following is a portion of the book s discussion of the controversies related to mindbody separation There was then as there is now what might be termed a liberal conservative divide in attempts to resolve the problem Put another way there is a connection between the esoteric efforts to tackle dualism and the sorts of real world battles that fill newspapers and occupy TV talk shows Those on the left have tended to accept the seeming conseuences of euating mind and brain if it means that basic features of society the self religion marriage moral systems need to be reconstructed along new lines so be it The point is not that mind euals brain reuires one to hold particular positions on these topics but that it allows for a wide range of moral speculations The conservative stance has been to fight to keep mind separate from body to preserve the status uo whether in matters of religion the family or the self to maintain that there is an eternal unchanging basis of values With regard to Descartes the irony is that the man who was once seen as the herald of the modern program the breaker of all icons and traditions had by the nineteenth century become part of the conservative argument the man who built a protective wall around the eternal verities keeping them from the corrosive forces of modernityThe following is a portion of the author s advocacy for a middle way In these pages I have taken up Johathan Israel s thesis that there was a three way division that came into being as modernity matured There was the theological camp which held on to a worldview grounded in religious tradition the Radical Enlightenment camp which in the advent of the new philosophy wanted to overthrow the old order with its centers of power in the church and the monarch and replace it with a society ruled by democracy and science and the moderate Enlightenment camp which subdivided into many factions but which basically took a middle position arguing that the scientific and religious worldviews aren t truly inconsistent but that perceived conflicts have to be sorted out If there is a solution to the dilemma of modernity surely it lies in bringing the two wings into the middle which is where most people live The following is an insightful uotation from the book that caught my attention We are graced with a godlike ability to transcend time and space in our minds but are chained to death The result is a nagging need to find meaning This is where the esoteric mind body problem of philosophy professors becomes meaningful to us all where it translates into tears and laughterThe following is an example of clever use of words in telling the story of the French Academy s decision regarding the genuineness of the skull that was purported to be Decartes They had applied their doubts to the very head that had introduced doubt as a tool for advancing knowledge And in the end they gave the head a nodThe book provides a refreshing and civil discussion of philosophic debates Weaving the story of Descartes bones into the narrative makes the otherwise dry subject of philosophy an interesting readThe following is a short review of the book that was on my PageADay Booklover s Calendar for November 3 2011THE PHILOSOPHER S LIFE AFTER DEATH We are all philosophers because our condition demands it writes Russell Shorto in his thoughtful and entertaining account of the importance of Descartes The relation of faith and reason a very Cartesian concern is after all a great preoccupation in our own time In this engaging commingling of ideas history and sleuthing Shorto explores Cartesian ideas as he tracks down the great philosopher s bones which were moved at least three times after his death at one point the skull was even separated from the rest of the skeletonDESCARTES BONES A SKELETAL HISTORY OF THE CONFLICT BETWEEN FAITH AND REASON by Russell Shorto Doubleday 2008

Summary Descartes' Bones a Skeletal History of the Conflict Between Faith and Reason

Descartes' Bones a Skeletal History of the Conflict Between Faith and Reason

Stole them sold them revered them as relics fought over them passed them surreptitiously from hand to hand The answer lies in Descartes’ famous phrase Cogito ergo sum I think therefore I am In his deceptively simple page essay Discourse on the Method this small vain vindictive peripatetic ambitious Frenchman destroyed years of received wisdom laid the foundations of the modern world At the root of Descartes’ method was skepticism What can Bones a Skeletal History of PDFEPUB or I know for certain Like minded thinkers around Europe passionately embraced the book the method was applied to medicine nature politics society The notion that one could find truth in facts that could be proved not in reliance on tradition the Church's teachings would become a turning point in human history In an age of faith what Descartes was proposing seemed like heresy Yet Descartes himself was a good Catholic who was spurred to write his incendiary book for the most personal. THIS is the book I ve been searching for in my dreamsExactly what happened and how it happenedthat the revival of philosophy and scientific thinking arose and grew into the 18th Century Enlightenment and laid the foundations of modern thinking which we take for grantedThe Enlightenment was a mere plaue in the wall of 100 years plus of solid foundation building And the roots go back immediately into the 1500 s and 1600 s and further into Ancient Greece although Shorto concentrates on the immediate causesCopernicus and Galileo were already under a cloudfor their arguments that the sun not the earth was the centre of our universe However their books were devoured by their contemporariesdespite or because of their suppressionContrary to the Catholic Church s expectationsScience and Philosophywhich it had suppressed for over a thousand years took offdue largely to the revival of ancient knowledgewith the Renaissance and the printing press which allowed knowledge to be easily disseminated After a reign of over a thousand years Theologythe stuff that dreams are made of was going to come to griefat the hands of its thinking believersCopernicus and Galileo had no doubts about God s existencebut they also had no doubts that their reasoning had overthrown the accepted teachings of tradition and authorityENTER Descartes the dubious villian of the piecealso a good Catholic but a French philosopher Rene Descartes whose belief and promotion of rational doubtwould wreak unintentional havoc on theology tradition and accepted authority Disillusioned with his Jesuit educationfrom which he salvaged only Mathematics he found his answer in rational scepticism expressed in his uestionWhat can I know for certain This further strengthened the novel notion that one need not rely on authority or traditionbut on one s own thought processes observation and experimentation iefinding truth in facts that could be proved and the proof replicatedDescartes book sold like hot cakesSocial Clubs were formed where experiments and discussion could indulge this new way of seeing the worldPassionate application of his thought was applied and had already been applied to medicineegWilliam Harvey and the circulation of the blood astronomy egCopernicus and Galileo politics egMachiavelli physics and optics eg Isaac NewtonThe genie was out of the bottleShorto reveals how Descartes was adopted by both radicals and conservatives to back up their beliefsAnd how the journey of his bones was influenced by persons and events whom he had helped to influence and create through his thoughtThis book is a marvellous blend of a passionate man and philosopherwho made thinking a passion in itself made thinking the Fad of the Times and influenced bloody revolutionsI will never look on Descartes again as a mere thinking machineA vastly entertaining read

Free download ↠ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ê Russell Shorto

Of reasons He'd devoted himself to medicine the study of nature but when his beloved daughter died aged he took his ideas deeper To understand the natural world one needed to uestion everything Thus the scientific method was created religion overthrown If the natural world could be understood knowledge could be advanced others might not suffer as his child did The great controversy Descartes ignited continues to our era where Islamic terrorists spurn the modern world pine for a culture based on unuestioning faith where scientists write bestsellers that passionately make the case for atheism where others struggle to find a balance between faith reason Descartes’ Bonesis a historical detective story about the creation of the modern mind with twists turns leading up to the present day to the science museum in Paris where the philosopher’s skull now resides to the church a few kilometers away where not long ago a philosopher priest said a mass for his bone. The tale of philosopher scientist Rene Descartes bones form the skeleton of Shorto s sketch of Descartes key ideas that shaped our modern worldDescartes French by birth but exiled by force his ideas were anathema to the Catholic Church and choice one senses that despite his complaints about the cold he enjoyed his place in the Swedish ueen Christina s court died and was buried in Sweden in 1650 His remains were exhumed and moved to Paris in 1666 this time in procession as semi holy relics as his ideas had gained in prominence and acceptance But it was during the French revolution that Descartes was fully rehabilitated to the level of secular sainthood and his remains were moved again to the Pantheon a secular chapelmuseum of French heroes in Paris Or were they Somewhere along the way the provenance and possession of Descartes bones got tangledShorto attempts to make a mystery out of a tale of bureaucratic bumbling mild nationalist fervor and honest mistakes over insignificant events in the midst of the epoch changing French Revolution while at the same time weaving in historical and philosophical background about Descartes and his philosophical progeny The result is an average mystery story the mystery mostly consisting of the untangling of sources and positing of some ideas to resolve relatively minor undocumented gaps over the centuries Descartes bones were being bandied about and a disjointed skimming of the history of philosophy that is not deep or systematic enough to serve as a textbook or even very organized introduction to the topicWe do learn that it was Descartes who famously said I think therefore I am Cogito ergo sum and that his ideas about doubt and faith opened the door to the uestioning of dogmatic statements of truth and value hence his banishment by the Church and King of Francs While his writings primarily the Discourse on the Method were the opening wedge in separating faith from reason to use an overworked oversimplification his reliance on philosophical investigation reasoning over observation to risk another oversimplification is sometimes used to frame his ideas in opposition to the scientific method of experimentation and observation which would flourish and drive the Enlightenment he helped to spark These ideas are in Shorto s chapters just not highlighted or organized as well as I might like as Shorto sacrifices the philosophical background for the sake of his mystery of the bones